Overview for linux

How to install lshw app in Kali linux? [with screenshots]

lshw utility is very useful in monitoring and listing all you hardware on your machine. If you are not experienced user and you're trying to use Kali linux, you will surely need it to configure you wifi adapter and lshw will help you a lot.

Installation is very easy and fast:

$ sudo apt-get install lshw

Output:

xxx@xxx:~$ sudo apt-get install lshw
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following additional packages will be installed:
  cryptsetup cryptsetup-initramfs gcc-10-base libgcc-s1
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  gcc-10-base libgcc-s1 lshw
The following packages will be upgraded:
  cryptsetup cryptsetup-initramfs
2 upgraded, 3 newly installed, 0 to remove and 1128 not upgraded.
Need to get 796 kB of archives.
After this operation, 1,251 kB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y
Get:1 http://kali.download/kali kali-rolling/main amd64 gcc-10-base amd64 10-20200418-1 [196 kB]
Get:2 http://kali.download/kali kali-rolling/main amd64 cryptsetup-initramfs all 2:2.3.1-1kali1 [71.6 kB]
Get:3 http://kali.download/kali kali-rolling/main amd64 cryptsetup amd64 2:2.3.1-1kali1 [214 kB]
Get:4 http://kali.download/kali kali-rolling/main amd64 libgcc-s1 amd64 10-20200418-1 [41.3 kB]                                              
Get:5 http://kali.download/kali kali-rolling/main amd64 lshw amd64 02.18.85-0.5 [273 kB]                                                     
Fetched 796 kB in 13s (61.5 kB/s)                                                                                                            
Reading changelogs... Done
Preconfiguring packages ...
Selecting previously unselected package gcc-10-base:amd64.
(Reading database ... 288625 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../gcc-10-base_10-20200418-1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking gcc-10-base:amd64 (10-20200418-1) ...
Preparing to unpack .../cryptsetup-initramfs_2%3a2.3.1-1kali1_all.deb ...
Unpacking cryptsetup-initramfs (2:2.3.1-1kali1) over (2:2.2.2-1kali1) ...
Preparing to unpack .../cryptsetup_2%3a2.3.1-1kali1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking cryptsetup (2:2.3.1-1kali1) over (2:2.2.2-1kali1) ...
Selecting previously unselected package libgcc-s1:amd64.
Preparing to unpack .../libgcc-s1_10-20200418-1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libgcc-s1:amd64 (10-20200418-1) ...
Replacing files in old package libgcc1:amd64 (1:9.2.1-22) ...
Selecting previously unselected package lshw.
Preparing to unpack .../lshw_02.18.85-0.5_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking lshw (02.18.85-0.5) ...
Setting up cryptsetup (2:2.3.1-1kali1) ...
Setting up gcc-10-base:amd64 (10-20200418-1) ...
Setting up cryptsetup-initramfs (2:2.3.1-1kali1) ...
update-initramfs: deferring update (trigger activated)
update-initramfs: deferring update (trigger activated)
Setting up libgcc-s1:amd64 (10-20200418-1) ...
Setting up lshw (02.18.85-0.5) ...
Processing triggers for kali-menu (2020.1.7) ...
Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.29-3) ...
Processing triggers for systemd (244-3) ...
Processing triggers for man-db (2.9.0-2) ...
Processing triggers for initramfs-tools (0.135+kali1) ...
update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-5.4.0-kali2-amd64

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Written by Administrator on Friday May 8, 2020

How to install GIT in Devuan linux

Git installation is very simple and easy using Debian/Ubuntu repositories, which are used by Devuan linux by default:

$ sudo apt-get install git

output:

Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following additional packages will be installed:
  git-man liberror-perl patch
Suggested packages:
  git-daemon-run | git-daemon-sysvinit git-doc git-el git-email
  git-gui gitk gitweb git-arch git-cvs git-mediawiki git-svn
  diffutils-doc
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  git git-man liberror-perl patch
0 upgraded, 4 newly installed, 0 to remove and 26 not upgraded.
Need to get 4,282 kB/5,745 kB of archives.
After this operation, 31.4 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y
Get:1 http://deb.devuan.org//merged ascii-security/main amd64 git amd64 1:2.11.0-3+deb9u7 [4,170 kB]
Get:2 http://deb.devuan.org//merged ascii/main amd64 patch amd64 2.7.5-1+deb9u2 [112 kB]
Fetched 4,211 kB in 39s (107 kB/s)                                 
Selecting previously unselected package liberror-perl.
(Reading database ... 106762 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../liberror-perl_0.17024-1_all.deb ...
Unpacking liberror-perl (0.17024-1) ...
Selecting previously unselected package git-man.
Preparing to unpack .../git-man_1%3a2.11.0-3+deb9u7_all.deb ...
Unpacking git-man (1:2.11.0-3+deb9u7) ...
Selecting previously unselected package git.
Preparing to unpack .../git_1%3a2.11.0-3+deb9u7_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking git (1:2.11.0-3+deb9u7) ...
Selecting previously unselected package patch.
Preparing to unpack .../patch_2.7.5-1+deb9u2_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking patch (2.7.5-1+deb9u2) ...
Setting up git-man (1:2.11.0-3+deb9u7) ...
Setting up liberror-perl (0.17024-1) ...
Setting up patch (2.7.5-1+deb9u2) ...
Processing triggers for man-db (2.7.6.1-2) ...
Setting up git (1:2.11.0-3+deb9u7) ...

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Written by Administrator on Friday May 8, 2020

How to install and run clinfo app in Devuan linux?

Installation of clinfo app is very simple, just run:

$ sudo apt-get install clinfo

output:

Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  clinfo
0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 26 not upgraded.
Need to get 33.5 kB of archives.
After this operation, 105 kB of additional disk space will be used.
Get:1 http://deb.devuan.org//merged ascii/main amd64 clinfo amd64 2.1.16.01.12-1+b1 [33.5 kB]
Fetched 33.5 kB in 2s (15.7 kB/s)
Selecting previously unselected package clinfo.
(Reading database ... 107931 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../clinfo_2.1.16.01.12-1+b1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking clinfo (2.1.16.01.12-1+b1) ...
Setting up clinfo (2.1.16.01.12-1+b1) ...
Processing triggers for man-db (2.7.6.1-2) ...

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Written by Administrator on Thursday May 7, 2020

Is it possible to crack a password hashed with sha256 with hashcat? [with screenshots]

SHA256 algorithm was invented to generate 256-bit (or 32-byte) hash. They write it will take you several years to crack it. It's true, but there're cases you can brute-force it (for example, with hashcat tool). At least you can try. In this article I'm using openSUSE Linux distro and openCL framework drivers for my NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1060 Mobile graphic card.

Here's an example, how to crack SHA256-hashed password in several minutes using haschat tool.

Let's take a hash of a password, stored in pass.hash file:

$ cat pass.hash

SHA256 password hash

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Written by Administrator on Wednesday May 6, 2020

How to list running services in Devuan Linux (OpenRC)

As you know, Devuan Linux is using a little bit different init system, than other Linux distros. OpenRC is a service manager is a dependency-based init system that works with the system-provided init program.

To list all running services, just run a following command:

$ rc-status

my output:

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Written by Administrator on Tuesday May 5, 2020

How to install tinyproxy on Devuan Linux

Tinyproxy is famous for being light-weight HTTP/HTTPS proxy daemon for POSIX operating systems. It's small and fast application and it is an ideal solution for systems with restricted resources.

Installation is very easy and fast. Just run a following command in terminall:

$ sudo apt-get install tinyproxy

That's all!

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Written by Administrator on Tuesday May 5, 2020